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Department of Physiology

Teaching staff

Lukač Damir, Full Professor
Naumović Nada, Full Professor, Head of the Department
Popadić Gaćeša Jelena, Full Professor
Barak Otto, Associate Professor
Drapšin Miodrag, Associate Professor
Karaba Jakovljević Dea, Associate Professor
Klašnja Aleksandar, Associate Professor
Karan Vedrana, Assistant Professor
Popović Aleksandra, Teaching Assistant
Slavić Danijel, Teaching Assistant



PHYSIOLOGY 

Physiology as the science is the study of living processes within the body. Proper knowledge of physiological processes is fundamental for understanding of numerous pathological disorders. Physiology deals with regulation and control of function of cells, tissues and organ systems in the complex living organism. Understanding of a basic problems of the functional integration at the cellular level, and of the membrane processes serves for further examination of the complex integration`s and interconnections and adaptation changes as answer to the environmental requirements.
 
INTRODUCTION TO PHYSIOLOGY: THE CELL AND GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY           
- Functional Organization of the Human Body and Control of the "Internal Environment"
- The Call and Its Function
- Genetic Control of Protein Synthesis, Cell Function and Cell Reproduction    
 
MEMBRANE PHYSIOLOGY, NERVE AND MUSCLE                  
- Transport of Ions and Molecules Through the Cell Membrane
- Membrane Potentials and Action Potentials
- Contraction of Skeletal Muscle
- Excitation of Skeletal Muscle
- Contraction and Excitation of Smooth Muscle                            
 
GASTROINTESTINAL PHYSIOLOGY                                         
- General Principles of Gastrointestinal Function - Motility, Nervous Control, and Blood Circulation
- Transport and Mixing of Food in the Alimentary Tract
- Secretory Functions of the Alimentary Tract
- Digestion and Absorption in the Gastrointestinal Tract
 
RESPIRATION                                                                                
- Pulmonary Ventilation
- Pulmonary Circulation 
- Physical Principles of Gaseous Exchange; Diffusion of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood Membrane
- Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood and Body Fluids
- Regulation of Respiration
 
BLOOD CELLS, IMMUNITY, AND BLOOD CLOTTING              
- Red Blood Cells, Anemia, and Polycythemia
- Resistance of the Body to Infection: Leukocytes, Granulocytes, the MMS, and Inflammation
- Resistance of the Body to Infection: Immunity and Allergy
- Blood Groups; Transfusion; Tissue and Organ Transplantation
- Hemostasis and Blood Coagulation
 
THE HEART                                                                                       
- Heart muscle; The Heart as a Pump
- Rhythmic Excitation of the Heart
- The Normal Electrocardiogram
- Electrocardiographic Interpretation of Cardiac Muscle and Coronary Muscle; Vectorial Analysis
 
THE CIRCULATION                                                                             
- Overview of the Circulation, and Medical Physics of Pressure, Flow and Resistance
- Vascular Distensibility and Functions of the Arterial and Venous Systems
- The Microcirculation and Lymphatic System: Capillary Fluid Exchange, Interstitial Fluid and Lymph Flow
- Local Control of Blood Flow by the Tissues, and Humoral Regulation
- Nervous Regulation of the Circulation, and Rapid Control of Arterial Pressure
- Dominant Role of the Kidneys in Long-term Regulation of Arterial Pressure and in Hypertension
- Cardiac Output, Venous Return, and Their Regulation
- Muscle Blood Flow and Cardiac Output During Exercise: the Coronary Circulation
 
METABOLISM AND TEMPERATURE REGULATION                   
- Metabolism of Carbohydrates and Formation of Adenosine Triphosphate
- Lipid Metabolism
- Protein Metabolism
- The Liver as an Organ
- Dietary Balances; Regulation of Feeding; Obesity and Starvation; Vitamins and Minerals
- Energetic and Metabolic Rate
- Body Temperature; Temperature Regulation
 
THE KIDNEYS AND BODY FLUIDS                                                  
- The Body Fluid Compartments: Extracellular and Intracellular Fluids; Interstitial Fluid and Edema
- Formation of Urine by the Kidney: Renal Blood Flow, Glomerular Filtration, and Their Control
- Formation of Urine by the Kidney: Processing of the Filtrate in the Tubules
- Renal  and Associated Mechanisms for Controlling Extracellular Fluid 
- Renal Regulation of Blood Volume and Extracellular Fluid Volume; 
- Excretion and Regulation of Urea, Potassium and Other Substances
- Regulation of Acid-Base Balance
- Diuresis and Micturition
 
ENDOCRINOLOGY AND REPRODUCTION                                      
- Introduction to Endocrinology
- The Pituitary Hormones and Their Control by the Hypothalamus
- The Thyroid Metabolic Hormones
- The Adenocortical Hormones
- Insulin, Glucagon, and Diabetes Mellitus
- Parathyroid Hormone, Calcitonin, Calcium and Phosphate Metabolism
- Vitamin D, Bone, and Teeth
- Reproductive and Hormonal Functions of the Male
- Female Physiology Before Pregnancy and the Female Hormones
- Pregnancy and Lactation
- Fetal and Neonatal Physiology
 
THE NERVOUS SYSTEM                                                         
- Organization of the Nervous System; Basic Functions of Synapses and Transmitter Substances
- Motor Functions of the Spinal Cord; The Cord Reflexes
- Cortical and Brain Stem Control of Motor Function
- The Cerebellum, the Basal Ganglia, and Overall Motor Control
- The Cerebral Cortex; Intellectual Functions of the Brain; and Learning and Memory
- Behavioral and Motivational Mechanisms of the Brain - The Limbic System and the Hypothalamus
- States of Brain Activity - Sleep; Brain Waves; Epilepsy; Psychoses
- The Autonomic Nervous System; The Adrenal Medulla
- Cerebral Blood Flow, the Cerebrospinal Fluid, and Brain Metabolism
 
PRINCIPLES OF SENSORY PHYSIOLOGY AND THE SPECIAL SENSES      
- Sensory Receptors; Neuronal Circuits for Processing Information
- Somatic Sensations: General Organization; the Tactile and Position Senses
- Somatic Sensations: Pain, Headache, and Thermal Sensations
- The Eye: Optics of Vision
- The Eye: Receptor and Neural Function of the Retina
- The Eye: Central Neurophysiology of Vision
- The Sense of Hearing 
- The Chemical Senses - Taste and Smell
 
Total: Lesons 150; laboratory 120; Medical students 
Lesons 90; laboratory 60; Dentistry students
 
The recommended books for learning Physiology:
1. Guyton CA, Hall EJ. Textbook of Medical Physiology. 2016: W.B.Saunders Company, Philadelphia. 13rd edition
2. Ganong FW. Review of Medical Physiology. 2010: Appleton and Lange, California. 23rd edition
3. Bullock J, Boyle J, Wang BM. National Medical Series for Independent Study: Physiology: 2001 Wiliams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. Fourth edition.
4. Despopoulos A, Silbernagl S. Color Atlas of Physiology: 2015; Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc, New York. 7th edition 
 
UNIVERSITY OF NOVI SAD
FACULTY OF MEDICINE NOVI SAD
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY 

RULES for PHYSIOLOGY

PRE-EXAM ACTIVITIES:
30 POINTS
EXAM:
70 POINTS
TOTAL:
100 POINTS

 
FOR EACH PART OR ACTIVITY STUDENT MUST HAVE AT LEAST 50%+1 to pass that part!


PRE-EXAM POINTS

ATTENDANCE: 14 POINTS
CREDIT TESTS: 16 POINTS

Student GI Res CV Bl End Kid Sen CNS
                 

RULES FOR CREDIT TEST POINTS

  • After finishing each unit of physiology test for checking knowledge and collecting credit points will be organized.
  • There will be eight credit points tests during Physiology course.
  • Test consists of 30 questions
  • Credit points will be calculated when student gets 16 points from 30 (50%+1) and on each credit test student can get max. 2 points
  • Max. 8 tests x 2 points = 16 points
  • All credit points will be added to attendance points to get pre-exam points.

STUDENT MUST COLLECT AT LEAST 16 POINTS ON PRE-EXAM ACTIVITIES (50%+1) TO GET AN OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE THE FINAL EXAM!

FINAL PHYSIOLOGY EXAM

  • Final Physiology exam will be held by test only.
  • Test consists of 70 questions for medical students and 50 questions for dentistry students
  • Each question is 1 point
  • Time for test is 1.40 hours.
  • Multiple choice questions system is used
  • NMS USMLE books are good for training your knowledge.
  • Only one (from five) answer is right or false.

* Student will pass the final test if the amount of  points on final test exceeds 50%+1 (36 points on final test for medical students and  26 points for dentistry students)

FINAL MARK:

 
When the student has passed the final test with 50%+1, pre-exam points will be added to exam points and final mark will be calculated in the following way:

  Mark Points
Pre-exam points + Exam 6
51-60.99
Pre-exam points + Exam 7 61-70.99
Pre-exam points + Exam 8
71-80.99
Pre-exam points + Exam 9 81-90.99
Pre-exam points + Exam 10 91-100

 

Submitted by: IvanaMaksimovic